Initially part of Los Angeles' indie rock scene, the band collaborated with Kim Gordon for their debut album, Pretty on the Inside (1991), and went on to release the critically and commercially successful Live Through This (1994), and Celebrity Skin (1998), the latter of which garnered them four Grammy nominations. The group officially disbanded in 2002 and its members pursued other projects. In 2009, Hole was reformed by Love with new members, despite Erlandson's claim that the reformation breached a mutual contract he had with Love. The reformed band released the album Nobody's Daughter (2010), but Love announced in 2012 that she was returning to a solo career, and declared that "Hole is dead".
Hole's body of work contained a predominant feminist commentary articulated in Love's lyrics, and the band has been noted by scholars and critics as having been the most high-profile musical group of the 1990s to openly and directly discuss feminism in their songs, having sold over 3 million records in the United States alone during the course of their career. The band also gained considerable media coverage due to Love's unpredictable and often reckless live performances.
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